Transparency International calls on governments in Asia Pacific to strengthen their right to information systems and make information more accessible to the public. Laws need to be better implemented by public officials and used more widely by citizens, civil society and the media, according to a new report featuring 11 country-level case studies released to mark International Right to Know Day on 28 September.

Laws allowing the public to petition their government for information are currently in force in eight of the 11 countries assessed. However, existing legal provisions are full of restrictions and loopholes and do not promote transparency in most countries.

Vague, overly broad or controversial exceptions are abundant in the right to information laws of Bangladesh, Cambodia, Maldives, Mongolia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. Tests to balance the public interest of disclosing or withholding information are missing from most laws, or cover only a limited number of exceptions in Mongolia, Nepal and Pakistan.

“Several of the countries assessed in this report have recently been rocked by corruption scandals involving senior officials and political leaders. Most continue to score poorly on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. A well-functioning right to information system is critical for exposing and deterring abuses of power and for supporting the fight against corruption,” said Delia Ferreira Rubio, Chair of Transparency International.

More than half of the countries assessed are yet to establish a standalone information commission or commissioners to safeguard this right, train officials, promote the law and monitor its application. Most of those that have been established need to be more independent, or given stronger powers.

The report also highlights that freedom of expression – which is vital for the effective use of right to information legislation – is limited or under threat in several of the countries assessed.

“This International Right to Know Day, Transparency International urges citizens to find out about the laws in their country and exercise their right to information. In countries where laws do not yet exist, governments must act quickly to grant their citizens this important human right,” added Ferreira Rubio.

Right to Information in Asia Pacific: How 11 Countries Perform on SDG 16.10 evaluates and makes recommendations for right to information systems in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu and Vietnam.

For any press enquiries please contact



T: + 678 25715


Transparency International Secretariat

T: +49 30 34 28 20 666



 Title of Consultancy: Transparency International Vanuatu Management Accounts

Application Closing Date: 30/09/2018

Duration: Approximately 15 days

Consultancy Start and End Date: approx. 01/10/2018– 31/10/2018

Location of Consultancy: Port Vila, Vanuatu.


Transparency International (TI) is the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption. In collaboration with more than 100 chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin, Germany, TI raises awareness of the damaging effects of corruption and works with partners in government, business and civil society to develop and implement effective measures to tackle it.

Transparency International Vanuatu (TIV) is a non-governmental organization based in Port Vila, Vanuatu, and the accredited National Chapter of TI in Vanuatu. TIV is seeking an external consultant to assist in the production of its organizational financial statements for the period 2015 – 2017.  The production of yearly accounts, including total income and expenditure, and an external verification of these accounts, is a requirement for TIV’s continued accreditation as a National Chapter of the TI movement.

Currently, TIV does not have capacity to produce organization-wide accounts and is therefore seeking an external consultant to assist in their production.

The consultant will be appointed by TIV, through funding provided the Transparency International Secretariat (TI-S), in order to provide accounting services under the terms established below. The consultant will provide the deliverables identified below under a), b) and d) to both TI-S and TV during the month of October 2018.

Scope of the accounting services

The Compilation of a set of financial statements for the 36-month period beginning on 01-01-2015 and ending 31-12-2017 based on the following criteria, established by TI-S.

  1. The financial statements will be compiled on a cash basis, and include:                          
    1. Disclosure of the complete cash available, at bank and on hand, at the beginning and at the end of the period, agreed to the respective statements received from the bank and with a signed petty cash count.
    2. Complete disclosure of the transactions for the period, including:   
      1. All receipts of income, differentiated as Grant Income, Finance Income, Memberships and Donations, Other Income. In dedicated notes, any receipt of Grant Income and Donation Income higher than 12,500 VATU will be disclosed separately, with indication of the Donor and the related project. Any receipt of Other Income higher than 50,000 VATU will be disclosed separately, with indication of the origin and rationale.
      2. All payments occurring during the period, differentiating by nature in reasonable detail and at a minimum: Staff Costs, Office Running Costs, Finance Costs and Other Costs. With reference to project-related expenditure, in a separate note, the accountant will indicate the total costs incurred by project.

To support the financial statement, the consultant will:

  1. ensure that  a complete set of bookings, identifying each underlying transaction, is available and
  2. ensure that the transactions identified are traceable to supporting documentation that can be adequately substantiated in case of independent verification.

To collect the documentation under b.), the consultant will rely on the support provided by the staff of TV, and will have access to their premises. In the case of transactions being noted where adequate supporting documentation is not available, the consultant will produce:

  1. a list of inadequate substantiated transactions, indicating their amount, date, nature, documentation available (if any) and rationale for missing documentation as provided by TV.


The compilation of the financial statements is expected to take place in October, to allow an audit to take place in November/ December this year.

Qualifications of the consultant

  • The consultant is a professional with at least five years experience in bookkeeping.
  • The consultant has proven expertise in the preparation of fund accountability statements, of project-accounting and of liaison with external auditors for verification, which must be documented in their CV.

Application Process

Please send your cover letter outlining daily fees and expected number of days, CV and 2 references from previous clients to by 30 September 2018.





Youth Educated On The Vanuatu Constitution To Commemorate Constitution Day

A DAY BEFORE the entire nation gathers to observe Constitution Day a total of 25 young people from around Port Vila learn about the reasons why we have a National Constitution at the Youth Challenge Vanuatu (YCV) Conference room.

 The awareness session about Constitution was initiated by YCV in partnership with Transparency International Vanuatu (TIV) who is providing the facilitator for this important civic awareness session.

Youth challenge Vanuatu is a youth oriented organization that has been operating in Vanuatu for over a decade with a focus on youth empowerment and youth up-skilling. The organization works to empower “young people to reach and realize their potential through community development, leadership, business and employment programs and services” according to information from their website.

In an interview with the Executive Director of YCV Shirley Abraham, she mentioned that they facilitate short workshops at their Youth Centre, “and an important one is the Constitution Workshop for our young people” she emphasizes.

“So we are very happy to have Transparency (International Vanuatu) here with us to work with our 25 young people and to go through the Constitution so that they know some important facts about the Constitution” says Shirley, “and to mark the Constitution Day, YCV is privileged and proud to educate our young people with the assistance of Transparency International Vanuatu”. 

The National Constitution, locally known as the ‘Mama Loa’, has an interesting history behind it says Mr. Ati George Sokomanu who was part of the Constitutional Committee that drafted the Constitution in 1979.

The Constitutional Committee consisted of representatives of different political parties, religious leaders, and tribal chiefs. The Constitution was signed on October 5 in 1979 and came into force on the 30th of July, 1980 – Independence Day. 

“When God send Moses to Mount Sinai He gave him two stone tablets with the Ten Commandments written on them. The National Constitution is like Vanuatu’s Ten Commandments…to guide us” said Mr. Sokomanu in an interview with TIV back in 2016.

“Between 1979 and 1980 the group (founding leaders) formed the constitution and legislations to prove to the colonial powers that Vanuatu is capable of looking after itself” explained Mr. Sokomanu. “1979 and 1980 were two very important and formal years because we tried to form legislatures on how to move forward independently… (We) wanted to protect our values, beliefs, cultures, faith and be free”.

“We had nothing to protect us. If we did something wrong, whether it be in the French or English Court, you had to face it,” Mr. Sokomanu explained.

TIV has been facilitating educational sessions about the Constitution of Vanuatu for more than a decade, TIV maybe the only organization in Vanuatu that has freely distributed thousands of Constitution Books throughout the islands of Vanuatu alongside Civic Education Workshops.

Happy Constitution Day People of Vanuatu!

TIV Completes 7 Adaptive Leadership Training’s For Efate & Offshore Island Chiefs

FOR THE LAST few months Transparency International Vanuatu (TIV) and the Pacific Leadership Program (PLP) had been working in partnership with the Executive of the Vaturisu Council of Chiefs to train chiefs around the island of Efate and its offshore islands on the Adaptive Leadership theory.

The Adaptive Leadership Training facilitators, Wilson Toa from TIV and Nelly Willy from PLP, collaborated with the Vaturisu Secretary General Chief Meameadola to organise the gathering of the chiefs throughout the area councils of chiefs on the island of Efate earlier this year.

Eventually, a one day training schedule was confirmed and the facilitating team began their preparation through to July before the training kick-started in early August.


Nguna & Pele Island Council of Chiefs at Adaptive Leadership Training

In his speech at Takara village Chief Meameadola mentioned that since its establishment in 1976 the Vaturisu Council of Chief had never participated in any leadership training that is as intense and applicable as the training on Adaptive Leadership.

“Some of our historical traditions cannot function properly nowadays due to the introduction of new ideas, knowledge, and actions. This training aims to assist us to adapt with this modern era” said Chief Meameadola the Secretary of the Efate Vaturisu Council of Chiefs.


Adaptive Leadership Training at Pangpang Village.

Overall, the Adaptive Leader training proves to be a needed tool for community leaders in order to perform effectively ‘outside the box’. The training was recommended by the chiefs to include as many chiefs as possible throughout Vanuatu.


Adaptive Leadership Training for Emau Island Council of Chiefs at Takara village.


WATCH:  Adaptive Leadership Workshop Interviews

Nguna & Pele Chiefs Attend Leadership Training

CHIEFS FROM THE islands of Nguna and Pele attended an Adaptive Leadership Workshop facilitated by Transparency International Vanuatu (TIV) and the Pacific Leadership Program (PLP).
Over 20 Chiefs participated in an engaging one day workshop at Piliura Village on the island of Pele on the 14th of August.

Chiefs from the islands of Nguna and Pele.

With the ever increasing flow of social changes, traditional structures on the two islands are facing a new trend of challenges. Made up of over 15 villages, both islands are experiencing rapid growth in numbers. Similarly, there is an increasing number of people from the two islands who are now studying abroad and are bringing in new knowledge.
Located within close vicinity of Port Vila both islands have had their fair share of negative and positive influence, both domestic and abroad.
And with a growing national economy the expansion of development and rapid social changes encroaches on the very fabrics of traditional leadership.
Under current circumstances the leadership on both islands need tools to assist them in


Nelly Willie from PLP.

decision making. It was in the month of March when the adaptive leadership tool was introduced to the Executive of the Vaturisu Council of Chiefs via a workshop. Immediately after that workshop the request for a series of similar workshops for the Area Chief Councils of Efate was made.

Realizing the benefits behind the adaptive leadership concept, the Vaturisu has partnered with Transparency International Vanuatu and the Pacific Leadership Program to deliver the several workshops around the island of Efate.
“Some of our historical traditions cannot function properly nowadays due to the introduction of new ideas, knowledge, and actions. This training aims to assist us to adapt with this modern era” said Chief Meameadola the Secretary of the Efate Vaturisu Council of Chiefs.
Looking at the technical and adaptive aspects of leadership the offered training revealed strategies that can be utilized for communal benefits.
At their accountable positions each chief has a role to perform to the satisfaction of the community. How they go about to achieve that depends entirely on good strategy; the adaptive strategy.
“Being able to work with people you do not necessary like is why we use tools like adaptive leadership…because at the end of the day it is not about disagreements but it is about recognizing the loss on the other party when a decision is made” explained Mr. Toa of Transparency International Vanuatu.
This is the sixth Adaptive Leadership Workshop facilitated by Transparency International Vanuatu and the Pacific Leadership Program in Vanuatu. “We want to say thank you for coming to us at the grassroots with this workshop” expressed the Chairman of the Nguna Pele Council of Chiefs Nawota Taripoamara.

Enforcement Of RTI Law Begins 

After over 10 years of developing, networking, lobbying, and challenges the Right To Information (RTI) Law begins its enforcement phase.

The First Order for the implementation of the Right To Information Act has been enforced by the Deputy Prime Minister Honourable Joe Natuman on behalf of the Prime Minister.

Seven Government Departments are covered in this First Order of the RTI Act, they are: 
1. Department of Statistics.

2. Department of Agriculture.

3. Department of Forestry.

4. Department of Livestock.

5. Department of Customs.

6. Office of the Government’s Chief Information Officer.

7. Department of Tourism.The First Order by the Prime Minister of Vanuatu regarding the implementation of the Right To Information Act has been enforced by the Deputy Prime Minister Honourable Joe Natuman.

Seven Government Departments are covered in this First Order of the RTI Act. They are: 1. Department of Statistics.

2. Department of Agriculture.

3. Department of Forestry.

4. Department of Livestock.

5. Department of Customs.

6. Office of the Government’s Chief Information Officer.

7. Department of Tourism.

Hon. Joe Natuman signs the RTI Order.

This enforcement order means citizens can now access or request information from the listed departments under the Right To Information Law.

To access information a citizen can use any form of medium to request information from a department.

Upon receipt of an information request the department concern is legally required to provide the requested information.

This enforcement order means citizens can now access or request information from the listed departments under the Right To Information Law.

To access information a citizen can use any form of medium to request information from a department.

Upon receipt of an information request the department concern is legally required to provide the requested information.

RTI Unit Website:

He Came Back For Another Mama Law Book

DESPITE CUTTING DOWN on all operations, we still have a few visitors now and then like this fellow from the island of Santo.

His name is Frank Nisa from Kole, East Santo. The last time he was in Port Vila was over five years ago, and that was that he came to the Transparency International Vanuatu (TIV) office to get a copy of the Mama Law (National Constitution) book that TIV distributes freely through the communities that we visit.


Mr. Frank Nisa with his three books.

He returned back home with this Mama Law only to have a relative, who is a politician, want it. So Frank gave away his copy of the Mama Law book.

Five years later and he is now back in Port Vila on family matters, he pops into the TIV IMG_5619office and the first words he says are; “do you still have copies of the Mama Law?”.

Of course we still have some! So we asked to him to sit down and brought three different booklets about Corruption, Right & Duties, and the Mama Law.

We talked a little about the importance of each booklet  and how the Mama law guaranteed our transition from statelessness to becoming a Ni-Vanuatu citizen.

He left the office a very happy man.




Adaptive Leadership Workshop For Women

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL VANUATU and the Pacific Leadership Program facilitated an Adaptive Leadership Workshop for women representatives of organisations in Port Vila at the Vanuatu National Profident Fund (VNPF) Conference Centre.

Over 15 attended the one day workshop focused on adaptive leadership. “Leadership is not a position, it is an exercise” explained Mr. Wilson Toa, the facilitator, from Transparency International Vanuatu.

That was the beginning of a full day of discussions, comments, and questions. The workshop was originally a three day program but has been compressed into a single day, nevertheless the workshop clarified unspoken leadership categories to many of the workshop participants.

In every society, from a tiny preschool children’s group to a community leadership council there are systems that exist.

For example, a youth association made up of over twenty young people is technically a ‘system’. In operational regard, a system is a properly organised mechanism that work to support each other for an objective purpose. They are; for each, with each other, there for each other, and rely each other to survive.

“A system fails to function not because one of its mechanisms is absent, but because the whole system failed to adapt to the absence of its absent mechanism”.

“This is a great workshop,” expressed a Port Vila Municipality Councillor who was one the few female candidates who had secured a seat at the Port Vila Municipal Council under the reserved seats program.

The participants had to opportunity to learn and recognise the differences between technical and adaptive leadership styles; so if there is an adaptive problem, you do not need a technical solution, you need an adaptive solution.

Surrounded by individuals from different backgrounds and perspectives, how can a leader perform to the best interest of the whole group?

“All of us are facing these challenge, hopefully this workshop will help us to identify solutions” said a participant. That is true, the workshop aims to help the participant identify the individual, recognize the who is related to who, know and categorise the problem, develop an adaptive plan, implement the solution.

Several groupings have requested the Adaptive Leadership Workshop and preparation is underway to deliver this intensive leadership training to them.

WATCH: Dr. Andrina Thomas talks about the Adaptive Leadership Workshop.

WATCH: Doreen Talks About Her Adaptive Leadership Learning.

WATCH: RTI Law Community Awareness On Ambae Island – 2:50 Minutes.

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL VANUATU recently visited the island of Ambae to inform the people there about the National Right To Information Law which which became an official in Vanuatu on 6 February 2017.

In some of the places that we visited the people were part of the consultation process and gratefully acknowledged the opportunity to have been involved in policy making.

This short 2:50 Minutes film briefly summaries a few interviews and shots of the walkabout.

This activity is funded by the Pacific Leadership Program.

WATCH: Short Interviews n RTI Law Community Awareness On Ambae Island

RTI Law Awareness & Adaptive Leadership Training For Luganville Youth Council

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL VANUATU’S (TIV) Right To Information Law Community Awareness Program has moved on from Malekula to the island of Santo.

WATCH: Snapshot of Transparency International Vanuatu’s RTI Law Awareness – Malekula Island. 

This week the TIV Awareness Team has collaborated with the Ministry of Youth and Sports Development to deliver Civic Education, Anti-Corruption, and Right To Information Law information to the over 200 youth volunteers who helped out to deliver the National Games in 2016 hosted by Luganville City.

Furthermore, included in this partnership, an Adaptive Leadership Training was conducted for the Luganville Youth Council at the Sarakata Anglican Hall. This leadership empowerment tool was delivered by Wilson Toa of Transparency International Vanuatu (TIV) and Nelly Willie of the Pacific Leadership Program (PLP).


The purpose of the Adaptive Leadership Training for the Chiefs of Vaturisu Chiefs was to:

1. Provide participants with an understanding of Adaptive Leadership as a practice of mobilizing people to tackle difficult situations and thrive.

2. Provide a learning space for reflection and re-strategizing.

3. Adaptive Leadership is a practice of mobilizing people to tackle tough challenges and thrive. It is specifically about positive change.


This ongoing awareness program began on the island of Tongoa early this year and will continue until the end of April.

These Right To Information Law Community Awareness Sessions were made possible through funding support from the Pacific Leadership Program based in Fiji.


WATCH: Interview: Deputy Principal of Rensarie College – Malekula Island